Many thanks to all for a great week in Nashville. Learned a lot and got excited about a few things. I haven’t done a trip report before, but here’s my long-winded rundown of my experience.
This is what you really wanted to know: the annual Four Kitchens Four Kittens shirt is on temporary re-brand for cultural relevance: may I present to you Four Chickens! Hope you got one at the booth because we’re fresh out.
* Nashville’s primary culinary export is its famous hot chicken. It’s damn tasty.
Four Kitchens was the Drupal Games Sponsor again this year, so when visitors weren’t playing basketball and ping pong, we had lots of demos to show and some experts to talk to about our recent web shenanigans.
VR, AR, and WebVR
360 imagery and 3D models can be created easily with relatively inexpensive technology and displayed on the web using open source libraries, built-in browser APIs, and devices that many audiences will find approachable if not already something they own.
We had a few scans from our own Web Chefs over the past few weeks, I’d even 3D printed a few of them. I’ll be selling limited edition Todds and Aarons on Etsy*.
* No. But I might write a blog post on it.
Scanning Guests and 3D/VR Postcards
We had two iPads to scan interested visitors with itSeez3D. Behind the scenes, the models were emailed to an endpoint which would receive the OBJ file, upload it to our Drupal 8 (Contenta distribution) site and compose it into a little virtual postcard.
Four Kitchens also unveiled EditVR, a decoupled, Drupal-backed React-fronted VR editor to combine 360 photographs, annotations, sounds, and images into experiences which can be delivered in the browser, on mobile devices using Cardboard or Daydream, or on desktop computers with VR hardware.
It’s currently a closed beta, but I’ll update when public guests can create accounts. In the meantime, the same technology and libraries that power EditVR are also in use on some of our projects: the Meredith Farming Shop Tour and Working with the Web Chefs.
We also had info about the newly released Aerate frontend performance auditing tool. Evan Willhite, its maintainer, was also at the booth ready to talk, but I think with all the hubbub over the VR demos, Aerate didn’t get as much attention as I wish it had.
This conference, I used a paper notebook during every session I attended.
What follows is the translation of those notes into digital form while I can still read them. My handwriting is slow and bad (also painfully cramp-inducing) but I found the effort worth it. I paid more attention to what was presented when my laptop wasn’t in front of my face with notifications and the temptation to “let me Google that thing the presenter just said.”
I use a RocketBook notebook so that I can take a quick picture with my phone and the page lands in OneNote with a dated backup in Google Drive, hence the QR code. Also apparently I still write on my hand.
Notes from Sessions I Attended
Decoupled Drupal Hard Problems
Mateu Aguiló Bosch, Senior Developer at Lullabot
We’re investigating a decoupled/headless build for a client at 4K and while I understand the concepts and overall architecture, my experience in the tactics of headless is limited. Deeper technical understanding helps me be a better PO, so I dropped by this “clearly over my head” session. Mateu presented his material in a very approachable way and touched on:
- Sequential requests are slow. For example, if you have to look up an ID to then fetch more information about it in a subsequent request, that’s an extra set of round trips. He showcased how the Subrequests Modules module allows “blueprinting” an initial request to let the server run secondary and tertiary lookups and return all the information in bulk.
- Using Schemata for building schemas of content models automatically, to keep content models and APIs documented and in sync.
- URLs a convention are for browsers that have been adapted for REST API use, too, but their original intent was for web browsing and SEO. Drupal has always handled content vs. “user/SEO friendly” paths with Alias and Pathauto well. Example: Subrequests would make it easy to act on a node ID by making a request on the Aliased path and blueprinting the subsequent request.
- Drupal makes API versioning super hard if not impossible. There’s no built-in support for it, though I suspect you could write custom routes prepended with API version numbers or have clients send version headers. However, the content model is definitely not versioned. Dropping a field in v3? If you actually delete the field from the node type, it’s gone in v1 and v2, also. So while headless systems allow for a lot of rapid iteration, redevelopment of the content model is really tricky.
My biggest “ah ha” was this comment:
Had a decoupled-related ah-ha this morning, "When an editor controls how something looks, you've coupled your editor interface to a single API consumer" -- @e0ipso #DrupalCon— Taylor Smith (@tsmith512) April 10, 2018
Because all our clients want fancy WYSIWYG tools and rich or in-place editors, we need to be able to have specific conversations up-front with them about how to keep content accessible across other platforms. We’re not just showing content on web pages anymore. This is like leading clients through “responsive means more than just desktop screens” on a whole new level.
Don’t Trust Your Gut: Agency Operations Metrics
Ashleigh Thevenet, Chief Operating Officer at Bluespark
Ashleigh showcased the magic spreadsheets she uses to run Bluespark, derived from Sean Larkin’s originals:
By combining team forecasting/allocations, actual hours worked, contracts closed, project estimates, and more, these spreadsheets produce good visibility into overall booked work, velocity requirements to meet contract totals or milestone timelines, team utilization, and even insights into revenue forecasting, team health, and hiring decisions.
- The Megasheet! http://bit.ly/2qjlDOZ
- The Billable Hours Matrix http://bit.ly/2qoxJXl
I think all businesses in our industry, and probably any time-and-materials consultancy, use all of these metrics. I really appreciate that within this community, we share how we do it since we all face many of the same problems.
At 4K, we also do this, but Suzy and I, with help from others, have automated the data collection process and she has built out reports and dashboards using Periscope. Same analysis but since our team is larger than Ashleigh’s, we wanted an automated process. Either way, both companies benefit from financial insights in near real-time that would traditionally be analyzed less frequently.
Lessons Learned from Open Source Journalism
Sydette Harry, Editor at Mozilla Foundation
Here’s a session that ended up being nothing like what I expected and I was super glad I went. Sydette introduced the Coral Project’s first three applications:
- Ask to collect information from an audience. A more journalism focused alternative to something like a SurveyMonkey, with some of the features of a ticketing system like tag/search/followup tools. An API makes bulk reporting and visualizations easy, like these election-related examples from Newsday and Philly.com. And while the display of responses can be edited for grammar/spelling or language moderation, the application retains the original submission intact so that journalists have that unfiltered view into the attitudes and needs of their audience.
- Talk is a new way to deal with comments. Online comments are broken. Many devolve into flame-wars over discourse, polarization over the quest for common ground, or just unproductive hate speech. Talk offers functionality to try and moderate the conversation in a safe way and sidesteps the privacy or content ownership concerns of third-party comment management systems like Disqus.
- Guides are a series of guides, tutorials, and worksheets from
experts on online community building, engagement, journalism, and moderation.
They include things like:
- Writing a community mission statement
- Know your legal responsibilities
- Managing a user who crosses a line
- Avoiding malware from form submissions
- Case studies on ProPublica, Brexit discussions, and New York Times
- Links to third-party resources
From there, the conversation turned into an organic conversation on online community building focusing on three questions. See the session video.
- Who is “we”?
- Why is “we” here?
- What is “we” fixin’ to do?
Then: How do these answers change if everyone in this “we” under stress?
Instead of comment wars, how are communities built to encourage engagement?
When it’s “us” versus “them,” the focus is on having a score. When it’s “we” the focus is on reaching a result.
When it’s “us” versus “them,” there’s this stop and go and stop and go and nobody feels good about it. When it’s “we,” it’s “that wasn’t what we wanted, how do we improve?” Or “that’s it! how do we get more of that?”
What Do You Want to be When You Grow Up?
Genevieve Parker, Operations Manager & Aimee Degnan, CEO / Architect at Hook 42
“What do you want to be when you grow up?” is a question everyone hates because it’s hard to answer. This session talked a lot about professional development through structured, caring, high-engagement management. The 4K Project Managers book club recently read The Effective Manager and a lot of the 1x1 structure Aimee and Genevieve discussed follows a similar pattern.
They also discussed motivators vs. incentives:
- Incentives (the carrot) are action focused. Quicker, but not a lasting change. Importantly, “money is only an incentive for so long.”
- Motivators are attitude focused. It’s a slow burn, but it produces a long-term change, greater confidence, and greater accountability. It’s the “what is my purpose here?” effect.
Also, not everyone wants to climb the corporate ladder. If you have team members who don’t want to manage or project leads who don’t want to go into business leadership, “growth is learning at the current level.”
And: imposter syndrome which is a real thing. “Trust that the person who hired you did so for a reason.” Step back, and “look at objective facts” rather than subjective self-criticism. Management can support this by recording useful facts.
With regard to course corrections, high-engagement management can facilitate some meandering on the career path:
It’s never too late to have a happy childhood.
The take-home work here is in tooling. Hook 42 uses:
- Slack, including a private channel for each employee with their manager(s) and an HR rep for an ongoing conversation.
- Google Drive, including a shared folder for each employee for check-in notes, goals, and other documentation.
- Adobe Check-in (new to me) which features a huge set of growth plan documents and the Individual Development Plan (not an HR Personal Improvement Plan).
An idea they posited: if you’re having trouble answering these kinds of questions or aren’t sure where you’re headed, ask a friend or mentor to write a short bio about you or fill out a copy of some Adobe Check-in sheets for you. Their view on your most valuable skills and passions might help you with ideas.
Ultimately, I still hate the “what do you want to be when you grow up” question, but this session had some cool personal-professional development ideas I’d like to look at.
(In)organic Groups in Drupal 8
Scot Self, Senior Developer at Mobomo Apps
Running out of steam, this was my last session to attend. It was a pretty high level look at the Organic Groups and Group modules. I’ve used OG in Drupal 7 on several projects with complicated use cases. It’s one of those D7 modules that makes magic happen. But it seems stalled in D8 and there’s only a pre-alpha release. Group is making big strides and has production-ready releases for 8.x. I assume I’ll have plenty of uses for Group in the future, but I needed a primer on how Group is different from OG as I help clients with their strategies. At a high-level, it’s actually pretty similar.
Comparison notes on OG vs Group
- Both modules:
- Have the concept of adding content (nodes) and users to groups (i.e. membership)
- User roles within groups which are distinct from system roles (e.g. group admin can manage content within the group but not content outside the group)
- Make few assumptions about the use cases
- Organic Groups for D7
- Super widely used (top 100 module)
- Good API and DX
- Tons of contributed submodules to extend OG’s native functionality
- Relies on fields (i.e. there’s a multi-value field on each entity that’s basically an entity reference field pointing to the group it’s a member of). Even OG’s maintainer points out that this is an abuse of the idea of the Field API.
- Confusing UX
- D8 progress is early-stage and stalled
- Group for D8
- A “Group” is a true fieldable entity, not a node, so it gets first-class treatment across the Drupal API/ecosystem as an Entity-with-a-capital-E
- Member users/content are added to groups via a membership entity
- This reminds me of the D7 module Relation
- So it’s an extra step in entity lookups, but the Entity API does the heavy lifting and it makes more sense in Drupal-world.
- This also means that the membership can have fields, too. Example: how long as Sally been a group member, what is Joe’s title within the group, etc.
- Finally, it makes “many-to-many” multi-group membership a little more straightforward.
- Good API/DX
- A single group can’t override settings on the group type
- Node (Entity) : Node Type (Bundle) :: Group : Group Type
- So a “Group Type” is the “Content Type” of the group and defines fields that Groups can have.
- In OG, some options for group behavior can override what the group type specified. This could lead to confusion and weirdness.
- Needs UX love, there are some confusing options with confusing results before you get used to it
- Confusing nomenclature
- No Configuration Entity integration yet
- That thing about how “A single group can’t override group type settings” because it opens the door for a mess in OG, but without that ability there’s some flexibility lost.
Ultimately, it seems like everything I’ve built in OG with Drupal 7 would be pretty reasonably doable with Group in D8. The big question is what is the new equivalent of the OG Menu module because the ability to produce a group-bound menu of content is pretty key to a lot of those use-cases.
Four Kitchens Sessions
I didn’t present this year, but plenty of us did! Speaking to packed houses and even some standing-room-only crowds, congratulations to Patrick Coffey, Mike Minecki, Joel Travieso, Jeff Tomlinson, Adam Erickson, Trasi Judd, and Randy Oest (top-left to bottom-right).
Check out We’re Going to Nashville! Web Chefs Heat Things Up with Talks at DrupalCon on the 4K blog for a summary of all our sessions.
Conferences always get me excited about stuff, but accountability helps make sure I follow through. So here’s what I want to do:
- Write about 3D printing the models from the 3D scanners
- Write about 4K’s business intelligence application
- Install Ask and fiddle with it
- Look at Talk as an alternative commenting system
- Download and fill out the Adobe Check-in toolkit
- Research OG Menu’s new equivalent
- Propose a session to DrupalCamp Colorado in Denver this August